slow piston (Cessna Skyhawk, Piper Warrior)
fast piston (Beech Baron, Piper Seneca)
Short IFR Flight
- This IFR rating involves a flight from KSNA to KCRQ, using a predescribed
route and altitude. The pilot will then request the ILS RWY 24 approach at CRQ, and will receive vectors to the final approach course from ATC.
File 'V23 OCN' for your route, with an enroute altitude of 5000.
This is the published preferred route for slow and fast piston aircraft
from SNA to CRQ. In later ratings, we'll learn more about where
to find these routes, but for now, that's the route to fly.
What is V23?
Our filed route reads 'V23 OCN'. V23 is a low altitude airway (a Victor airway, hence the 'V' code) running from the Seal Beach (SLI) VOR to the Oceanside (OCN)
VOR. These airways form the backbone of the low altitude enroute structure in the National Airspace System.
V23 runs southeast out of SLI along the 120 radial, all the way to OCN, and then continuing to the southeast.
In the real world, you would be required to have current
low-enroute charts to fly IFR. These charts depict the airways,
intersections, published holds, minimum enroute altitudes, and other
information needed to safely fly IFR.
You can access an interactive version of the required low-enroute chart (L3/L4) at skyvector.com, or use the reference page below.
Obviously, it's not
convenient for all online pilots to obtain these charts, so there are
other substitutes including online navigation tools and flight
planners. If you don't have access to charts or a flight planning
tool, then avoid filing routes involving airways. Simply file a
VOR-to-VOR route instead, such as 'SLI OCN', or just 'OCN'.